Archeology in Sardinia

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There is so much History here that you'll be hard pressed to go ANY where on the Island without sitting right down on top of some thing that is hundreds and often thousands of years old. In this section, I will briefly cover the sorts of things you'll see here and out in the Boonies of Sardinia. If the text is Bolded, then click to see what type of monument we are talking about.

First thing you'll notice are the towers called Nuraghes. There are thousands of them all over the island. Some  groups of them are in alignment with the sunrise or sunset on particular days of the year Archeo-astronomy is a new art here, though there is not much written, especially in English. Nuraghe Sant Antine Pic2  Pic3

The next thing to see are the so called tombs of the giants. There are several around Arzachena that are easy as pie to find, as they are well signposted.  You will see a pile of rock comprising a long fairly slender tunnel (or what used to be a tunnel) and at the front there is always a semi circle of upright stones .From above they look like a half circle with a line sticking out the middle of the outside. These were communal graves for the old peoples of this island. Many items have been found in them, some were rich enough to support a museum to display all the items found. Coddu Vecchiu,Near Arzechena  Li Lolghi Near Arzechena Pic 2

Rock cut tombs There are not too many folks who like old graves, but there are tens of thousands of tombs, cut right into the bedrock. These are called Domus di Janas ( witches or Fairy houses) These tombs can be very elaborate. Some have a dozen or more rooms. Some have been turned into Christian churches in roman times. There are also some displaying Carvings( petroglyphs) similar to those in the southwestern US There are some in the south of the Island that are being excavated that still have the pottery and bones in them. Santu Pedru Necropolis Entry  First Chamber  San Andrea Priu Near Bonorva Frescoes,  Roman Woman, Slaughter of the innocents Geometric ceiling patterns Bull Of Bonorva

There is also one type of site that intrigues greatly, the "Sacred Well"  normally, they are Dug out and built at a place where water sometimes can be found in the dry hot summer. These will usually have around cone shaped well with a stairway going down to it where you can get to the water They are usually shaped like the symbol for Tanit, the Old religion Earth Mother ( that'll be a triangle with a circle on top, with the stairs being the triangle and the circle being the well.)  Photo Album\Sardinia, Golfo di Aranci, Sacred well .jpg   Santa Cristina sacred well is one of the most amazing works of the Bronze age.

Standing stones. Ah yes, the perennial favorite. Some places, like Goni and Tamuli have Stones by the dozens and there are some that still exhibit alignments with celestial objects on certain days of the year. The most interesting I have seen were at Tamuli, near Macomer in the central west of the Island. They are aligned with the equinox sun rise and the solstice sun rise. The interesting part is that they have plain cone shaped stones for the equinoxes and the ones that align with the solstices have BREASTS! This site also has a few Nuraghes and a tomb of the giant.  Photo Album\Sardinia, Macomer, Standing Stones at Tamuli.jpg

And Then there are Dolmens. These tend to be in isolated areas with nothing else around. they consist of  huge flat stones stood on edge and then covered up with another huge flat stone. These were at one time covered with piles of rocks of smaller size. It is thought that they were graves for individuals. Graves were reused many times over the centuries so the items found inside them in the museums span centuries of time. There is one at Goni with some standing stones in long rows that is carved from a single boulder.

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